Cut off the channels of illegal import of cultural relics ssdao

Cut off the illegal import channel "cultural relics protection law amendment bill (Draft)" has some improvement in the cultural import management, proposed in seventieth: "People’s Republic of China to comply with international treaties have been concluded or acceded to, prohibit and prevent illegal exit and entry of cultural relics." This is a major improvement in China’s cultural relics import management. However, the author believes that the scope and intensity of such management is not enough, and China should bear the international obligations there is a certain gap. To improve the management of cultural relics import, we need a more detailed and comprehensive system to carry out relevant international treaties and fulfill international obligations. The illegal circulation of cultural relics in the international scope has caused great damage to the property rights of the owners of the cultural relics, and to the cultural heritage of the country and the nation, even the whole mankind. With the development of China’s economy and the improvement of people’s living standards, China has become an important cultural relics market as an important cultural relic. Although in practice, China collectors in the international cultural market more prefer to buy imported and native China cultural relics, but from other illegal trade of cultural relics of the state and to the risk of illegal imports still exists in china. Therefore, our country should take the international obligation to prohibit and prevent the illegal import of foreign cultural relics. Based on the relevant international treaties signed by China, the author believes that China can improve the management system of China’s cultural relics imports from two aspects: domestic law and international law. First, in the domestic law level, improve the cultural relics import control. On the basis of the audit and registration system of the existing temporary imported cultural relics, China can manage the imported cultural relics at different levels and in different levels by means of the cultural relics protection law and the relevant administrative regulations. As for the general cultural import, to examine whether the international circulation has legal qualification; from war or other cultural heritage at risk under the condition of national or regional cultural relics, take temporary measures to prohibit imports, China has become a cultural relic to prevent illegal trade of stolen cultural relics for the disaster area;, directly according to the relevant international treaty banning the import. Second, at the international law level, through bilateral or multilateral agreements, actively cooperate with relevant countries. In recent years, China has signed bilateral cooperation agreements with Italy, Spain, Saudi Arabia and other countries, on both sides to prohibit and prevent illegal import and export of cultural relics cooperation. On this basis, China should expand the scope of cooperation. By strengthening the control of cultural relics import, maintaining the order of international cultural relics market, and protecting the common cultural heritage of mankind. (Li Yuan) source: collection letters相关的主题文章: